liberty of action in which the individual determines his/her
course of action in accordance with a plan chosen by him/herself; self
determination. Implies independence and self-reliance, freedom of choice,
and ability to make decisions. Cannot exist in a vacuum but must be acknowledged
and respected by others.
PRINCIPLE OF NON-MALEFICENCE
harm - - always
of harm - - what
degree of risk is permissible?
that occurs during performance of beneficial acts.
PRINCIPLE OF BENEFICENCE
to help others further their important and legitimate interests when we
can do so with minimal risk to ourselves. Includes:
duty to confer benefits and actively to prevent and remove harm.
duty to balance the good it is possible to produce against the harm that
might result from doing or not doing the good.
to give to the other what that person is due or owed, what he/she deserves
or can legitimately claim. Involves rights or claims that must be balanced
against each other.